Applied mineral exploration methods, hydrothermal fluids, baro-acoustic decrepitation, CO2 rich fluids
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Microscope observations of decrepitated samples

New model 216 decreptiometer

Exploration of the Mt. Boppy Au deposit, NSW

Forensic tests on soil samples


Do IOCG deposits form from CO2 fluids?

How CO2 inclusions form from aqueous fluids (UPDATED)

Understanding heterogeneous fluids : why gold is not transported in CO2-only fluids

Gold-quartz deposits form from aqueous - CO2 fluids: NOT from CO2-only fluids

Discussions why H2 analysis by mass spectrometry is wrong


Gold at Okote, Ethiopia

Kalgoorlie Au data

Sangan skarn Fe deposits, Iran

Studies of 6 Pegmatite deposits

A study of the Gejiu tin mine, China

Exploration using palaeo-hydrothermal fluids

Using opaque minerals to understand ore fluids

Understanding baro-acoustic decrepitation.

An introduction to fluid inclusions and mineral exploration applications.

 Interesting Conferences:


Comprehensive Geology Conference Calendar

Fluorite decrepitation

Fluorite samples usually show intense decrepitation.

This graph compares selected fluorites from Tunisia, Australia and Germany. Note that the decrepitation of the sample from Tunisia was so intense that it has been halved on this plot for ease of comparison with the other fluorite samples.

Flurite samples compared

The Bou Jaber Pb-Zn-F-Ba occurrence in Tunisia is a lead-zinc deposit hosted in carbonates and formed at a low temperature. The fluid inclusions often contain hydrocarbons. The Roxby Downs Cu-U-Fe breccia formed at higher temperatures as a volcanic complex. The samples from the Erzgebirge in Germany are from greisen type deposits associated with tin mineralisation. Although the absolute temperatures of decrepitation seem to be much higher than the expected formation temperatures, the relative temperatures are as expected.

Complete set of results from the Erzgebirge, Germany

At Lauta, the 4 samples are all very similar. There seems to be 3 separate populations of inclusions with significant variations in the contribution of the lower temperature (430 C) population to the overall result.
lauta fluorites

These samples from Ehrenfriedersdorf  and Frhonau show more variation, with a prominent population at 610 C. The synthetic fluorite, which is manufactured to be inclusion free for optical use, has essentially no decrepitation as expected. This also confirms that decrepitation is not merely a function of the host mineral species but is indeed a function of the fluid inclusion populations present.
Other erzgebirge fluorites

For comparison, one sample from each of the 3 Erzgebirge areas are shown here. There are significant variations within the region which are greater than variations at individual localities. These variations could be useful to categorise different fluorite occurrences.

Comparison of Erzgebirge fluorites

Sample details and descriptions

See also: greisen samples from the Ertsgebirge

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