Rapid fluid inclusion data
for exploration (decrepitation)
By fitting gaussian component populations to the observed
baro-acoustic decrepitation data it is possible to derive
reproducible and precise temperatures for the individual
populations. Using the mode temperature of these component
populations it is possible to compare and contrast different
samples to assist mineral exploration and drill targeting.
These samples from the Hall deposit show quite complex
combinations of fluid inclusion populations, often with 5
components required to give a good fit to the data. Most samples
show a component with a temperature mode near 450 C as well as
about 550 C. Note that the peak at 580 to 590 C is related to
the alpha - beta quartz transition and is not used in
here). A significant number of samples also have a
distinct component with a low mode temperature near or below 400
C. This separate low temperature component can be used to
classify the quartz into at least 2 types. Only sample 1188A had
visible molybdenite, which was abundant, but most if not all of
these samples are from potentially molybdenum bearing phases
according to Shaver's classification scheme.
This plot summarises the individual fit results showing the
mode temperature of each component, with the size of the
peak (logarithmic area) represented by the circle diameter at
each plotted point. Note the presence of 350-400 C peaks
on the 4 leftmost samples, and the lack of this temperature on
the rightmost samples.
(Sample SN_91 on this plot is actually SN_91-617)
This limited study of only 7 samples, together with the lack of location information for some samples makes it impossible to actually determine what decrepitation features might be used to directly pinpoint mineralized quartz veins. However, the great variations observed do suggest that fluid inclusion decrepitation data within porphyry systems has the potential to identify and outline features of importance which could facilitate exploration.
In these plots the green dots are the raw data points. The red
curve is the best fit sum of the component skew-gaussian curves,
each shown in blue. The "residuals" value indicates the goodness
of fit, with low values being a better fit to the raw data.
The curve fitting was done with the program fityk and the summary plot was prepared with the program grace. (program information here)
Sample 1188A, run G1644 5 peak fit, residuals=23. Sample
has low temperature components.
KQM1 zone, aplitic quartz monzonite, north stock, with abundant molybdenite mineralization.
Sample 1193A run G1658 5 peak fit, residuals=54. Sample has a
very large and very low temperature component.
KC1 zone, chill zone of north stock. A molybdenite bearing phase, but barren at the sample point.
NOTE: This is a subsample at the same location as G1661 below.