Applied mineral exploration methods, hydrothermal fluids, baro-acoustic decrepitation, CO2 rich fluids

How CO2 inclusions form from aqueous fluids

Understanding heterogeneous fluids : why gold is not transported in CO2 fluids

Gold-quartz deposits form from aqueous heterogeneous fluids: NOT from CO2 fluids

Inclusion shapes can prove heterogeneous FI trapping

Disproportional FI trapping from heterogeneous fluids explains gas-dominant systems

A discussion of H2 analysis by mass spectrometry

A mechanism to form H2 in the MS ioniser during analyses


Sangan skarn Fe deposits, Iran

New model 205 decreptiometer

Studies of 6 Pegmatite deposits

A study of the Gejiu tin mine, China

Exploration using palaeo-hydrothermal fluids

Using opaque minerals to understand ore fluids

Understanding baro-acoustic decrepitation.

An introduction to fluid inclusions and mineral exploration applications.

 Interesting Conferences:

AGCC expo, Adelaide, Aust. Oct. 14-18 2018


ECROFI, June 24-26, Budapest, Hungary

AOGS, Singapore, 28 Jul-2 Aug 2019

SGA, Glasgow Scotland, Aug. 27-30 2019

Comprehensive Geology Conference Calendar

Fluorite decrepitation

Fluorite samples usually show intense decrepitation.

This graph compares selected fluorites from Tunisia, Australia and Germany. Note that the decrepitation of the sample from Tunisia was so intense that it has been halved on this plot for ease of comparison with the other fluorite samples.

Flurite samples compared

The Bou Jaber Pb-Zn-F-Ba occurrence in Tunisia is a lead-zinc deposit hosted in carbonates and formed at a low temperature. The fluid inclusions often contain hydrocarbons. The Roxby Downs Cu-U-Fe breccia formed at higher temperatures as a volcanic complex. The samples from the Erzgebirge in Germany are from greisen type deposits associated with tin mineralisation. Although the absolute temperatures of decrepitation seem to be much higher than the expected formation temperatures, the relative temperatures are as expected.

Complete set of results from the Erzgebirge, Germany

At Lauta, the 4 samples are all very similar. There seems to be 3 separate populations of inclusions with significant variations in the contribution of the lower temperature (430 C) population to the overall result.
lauta fluorites

These samples from Ehrenfriedersdorf  and Frhonau show more variation, with a prominent population at 610 C. The synthetic fluorite, which is manufactured to be inclusion free for optical use, has essentially no decrepitation as expected. This also confirms that decrepitation is not merely a function of the host mineral species but is indeed a function of the fluid inclusion populations present.
Other erzgebirge fluorites

For comparison, one sample from each of the 3 Erzgebirge areas are shown here. There are significant variations within the region which are greater than variations at individual localities. These variations could be useful to categorise different fluorite occurrences.

Comparison of Erzgebirge fluorites

Sample details and descriptions

See also: greisen samples from the Ertsgebirge

Back to main contents